PROJECT GENERAL INFORMATION
Name: Pipe Pavilion | Student Workshop
Location: Khayam University, Mashad, Iran
Project Director: Farnaz Fattahi (Master of Digital Architecture‐ UTS) ‐ Architecture lecturer
Design & Fabrication:
Kamyar Ahmadi Azari
Mohammad Reza Bardaran Motie
Mohammad Javad Gholizadeh
Date: 2014‐10‐06 to 2014‐11‐06
Type: Pavilion, Student Works
Computer parametric modeling: Armin Akbari
Fittings consultant: Navid Sanei
Structural consultant: Ali Mohebali
The Khayam University PIPE pavilion was constructed by architecture students under the direction and supervision of Farnaz Fattahi. This temporary pavilion explores the interaction of conceptual design thinking and the use of digital tools with hands on construction techniques. Additionally, the project aims at utilizing the students potential working with digital modeling and expediting construction of the complex geometric pattern.
This temporary installation was assembled by 28 architecture students over a six weeks period of design and fabrication. The structure of this pavilion is 2.9 meters high and spans across 6 meters. The conceptual approach to the realization of this pavilion explores sustainable structures. Emerging from the hard concrete surface, an organism of the cardboard matter stating its existence against the
harsh platform. The organism constituting of 1014 recycled cardboard pipes has an identity of sustainability and resembles the notion of up‐cycling. The creative reuse of taking the process of recycling to a greater application by the act of transforming by‐products into usable materials.
Upcycling not only reduces the usage of raw materials, it also requires less space for landfill waste. In a way, it is a respectful attempt to decrease human footprint on environment by reducing pollutants. The concept of this pavilion is formed by the paper plotters cardboard pipes journey from the useful stage to useless by transforming the mere cardboard by‐product into a structural component. The beginning of the form indicates the initial industrial value of the cardboard pipe as a platform structure for paper rolls. Once the product has served its purpose, its value is significantly reduced. This is displayed through the forms decreasing notion in height in conjunction with disregarding the neighboring landscape, symbolizing the detachment of industry from nature.
This phase represents the degradation of the uselessness of the by‐product. The stage where humans call a discarded product waste, and due to its inefficiency it is consequently abandoned it in nature. The manipulation of the used cardboard pipes as the substantial component to create a space increases the value of these pipes by indicating the discovered potential in this by‐product to serve a new function hence regaining a valuable purpose.
This evolution is made possible by the transformation of the pavilions height and contouring direction. As the height increases, the form transforms from a vertical surface to an architectural arc creating a sheltering space which is of greater value in comparison to the initial stage of the structure. The forms direction is also reversed towards the abandoned landscape. Therefore embracing nature which in essence is the source of the cardboards origin. The holistic design creates an architectonic space within the created semi enclosed arc promoting a spatial quality allowing the users to pause and realize the view of the embraced landscape.
The Pavilion The pavilion continous tubular pattern is generated through a 3d surface. The surface form is modified by its ambition to serve as a narrative of the projects conceptual upcycling objective. Accordingly the aggregated pattern of vertical cardboard pipes is informed by the surface shape. The formation of the metamorphic pattern is produced by the symbiotic relation of the modules length and thickness fluctuation. As the form develops, optimization occurs in the modular pattern by reducing simultaneously the thickness and height of the pipes as the forms elevation increases. The various pipe specifications are programed to be allocated on the form according to the structural parameters. The thicker and more robust pipes are predetermined as load barring structural elements fixed to the ground, ensuring the stability of the structure by using a combination of rebars and concrete within these base modules. The thinner and less rigid pipes are used to shape the arc simultaneously filtering light and shifting the arcs weight through to the base.
Using grasshopper3D each module is assigned a unique code based on the pipe rows indicating its identity within the created network. This triangular grid of connections conceived was defined by coded connection points. The connection technique is made of bolts and screws fixing each module to its neighboring fragment. With Predominaantly 8 connections between adjoining modules, the form uses approximately 8200 connectors reavealing the strong interconnection created in the surface. The surface Pattern is dissected into 8 groups by hinges allowing an easier assembly and disassembly of the form. The grid created by the triangular symbiotic relation formalized by the continuous and metamorphic shape reinterprets the growth of the smooth pattern transition emerging from te ground to the arc and back to the ground.
The unified patterned form created a unique opportunity to experiment through parametric design and fabrication process conveying the design motive of emergent sustainable structures through upcycling.