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Kashan House

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PROJECT GENERAL INFORMATION

 

Name: Kashan House

Location: No.42 Makhmal Street, Amirkabir Street, Kashan, Iran

Architect in Charge: Sepideh MasoudiNejad

Design Associates: Babak Gholizadeh

Date: 2011-2012

Land Area: 317 sqm

Built Area: 420 sqm

Type: Residential

Structure Engineers: Hossein Ahmadi

Mechanical Engineering: Kambiz Tabeii

Electrical Engineering: Eng. Seyedi

Supervisor: Sepideh MasoudiNejad

Contractor: Akbar Helli, Honarmand

Photographer: Babak Gholizadeh

Client: Dr. Mohammadreza MasoudiNejad

Credits:

  • Finalist in Memar Award, in the section of residential category, 2013
  • Selected and exhibited in Iran pavilion, Venice art biennale, 2015

The city of Kashan, where this house is located, is one of the earliest settlements in Iranian plateau, located on the edge of desert and mountains and has a rich and outstanding residential architecture heritage. In this context, the client needed a house for his family with these requirements; to represent the local identity and traditions, be unique and outstanding with no pretentiousness, keeping privacy with separation of public and private areas, enjoying natural light and view, and use of local and environment friendly materials.

In designing this house, it is tried to rely on the traditional Kashan house model. To design a contemporary house we implement strategies that have evolved over the years in hot and dry environment. Of those strategies, use of courtyards, introvert and extrovert organization, connection between inner and outer spaces, controlling sunlight and using of natural ventilation were studied and applied.  The brick is considered as a base material as it is local, traditional and eco-friendly.

Also it is a symbol and reminder of the city's identity. This house is the combination of traditional and original historic architecture of Kashan with modern ideas such as the fluidity of space and formal combinations of masses. 
The Kashan House was designed for a family of three with future expansion in mind. The first floor consists of public and social spaces, the second is used for private spaces like bedrooms and the basement is designed for occasional gatherings. A void on the side of the building is designed so that the air flow in the building and make natural ventilation possible and also shape the house entrance corridor and place the entrance door in the middle of the house.

House consists of three courtyards; central, southern and northern which are combined with interior spaces in a way that all spaces of the house benefit from suitable natural light and frequent views to outside is possible. Division of spaces in the house is provided with spatial layering. So that the public court yard and public spaces are in the southern layer, the entrance and circulation spaces are in the middle, adjacent to the middle yard and the private spaces are on the northern part. This layering feature provides privacy which is very important to residents as well as needed connection between spaces, for example the kitchen which is in northern most private layer, has necessary control over public areas and all courtyards. Or parents’ bedroom on the upper floor, in the northern private layer, has direct view to the entrance corridor, entrance, middle yard and private yard.

 

 

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Read 4337 times Last modified on Wednesday, 13 April 2016 18:39