PROJECT GENERAL INFORMATION
Name: Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman
Location:Pajoohesh Sq.,Shahid Bahonar university, Kerman
Architecture Firm: Bonyan Consulting (BIR), Pirraz Consulting (AIR) [→]
Architects: Amir Nosrat Monaghah, Yousef Shariatzadeh, Mohsen Mirheydar, Y. Razzaghi, B. Farahvashi
Date: 1972 -1995
Inception of project: 1972
Start of construction: 1973
End of first phase: 1985
Start of second phase: 1985
Scheduled completion of fourth phase: 1995
Site Area: 300 Hec.
Ground floor (Phase I): 5,000 sq.m.
Total floor (Phase I): 16,500 sq.m.
Client: Ministry of Culture & Higher Education
First client: Alireza Afzalipoor
Consultant: M. Moghadam, Espandar (Higher Education Consultant)
Contractor: Jolgeh Co., Tehran
Photographers: Khosrow Bozorgi
Award: Nominated for The Agha khan award for Architecture, 1992
In 1972, the late Mr. A. Afzalipour, a philanthropic businessman, acquired an official permission to establish a university in Kerman, center of a southeastern province of Iran. Mr. Afzalipour assigned BONYAN consulting to prepare a campus master plan and design the buildings of that university. Master plan and design concepts were developed so as to tackle the problem of uncertainty. It was set as a primary goal to have a flexible design both inside the buildings and in their inter-connections. In each stage of development, the campus was to be a complete and coherent whole, still allowing for future expansion without hindering the functioning departments.
The master plan was inspired by the organic urban grid of Kerman city center that has historically evolved in response to climatic conditions of a desert town. The height of the main building blocks are restricted to 3, optimizing seismological, climatic, economic and circulation considerations. Interconnection of the blocks on the upper stories, integrates educational and research spaces, thus enhancing flexibility. These also provide shadow and shelter for open pathways under-passing below.
Careful distancing of blocks, along with articulate projections of the buildings, allow natural and controlled lighting for inner spaces while creating ample shadow for the inner courtyards. This general arrangement, permits one to cross the whole campus through courtyards and archways with minimal detours, under protection from direct sunlight or rain if needed, or to access other departments from within the buildings and through connecting corridors and internal patios.
1- Archnet website [→]
2- MIT library, USA
3- Agha Khan Visual Archives
4- Trabslated to Persian by CAOI.
BIR: Before Iranian Islamic Revolution
AIR: After Iranian Islamic Revolution